On May 21, 2020, a number of (Note 1) unsecured Israeli websites were attacked. The pages of these sites were replaced with a video of the Israeli seaside city of Tel Aviv engulfed in flames. The two lines below the video, in flawed Hebrew and English, read "The countdown to Israel's destruction was long ago. (The countdown of Israel destruction has begun since a long time ago).” In addition, the page asks visitors to allow the site to use their cameras, which could allow hackers to gain access to their computers if they press the consent button. information stored on . Screenshot of Israeli cyber attack on May 21｜Photo Credit: Courtesy of Xie Yufen Most of the hacked websites use uPress, an Israeli hosting company under WordPress (Note 2); from what we know so far, the main purpose of this attack seems to be mischief and propaganda, and most of the attacked websites are Private corporate websites, plus a small number of local government websites, applications set up by universities, and the website of an Israeli parliamentarian, etc., have not been reported to have suffered from the attack on the websites of central government-level units. Most of the sites known to have been attacked did not report data theft or a more serious disaster, but some merchant sites still felt the real impact: the director of Noy Hasade, a site that sells agricultural products, said: He told the media that because the cyber attack occurred on Wednesday and Thursday, the peak time for the site to receive orders, and until Thursday evening, the site had not been repaired, resulting in the site being unable to sell all fresh produce and must be donated in full. go out. Coincidentally , it was reported on the evening of May 21 (Note 3) that the websites of some Israeli factories were also attacked . Paralyze the production line.
The attacks come a week after Israel's National Cyber Alert issued a warning to increase security levels on Israeli websites to prevent anti-Israel hackers from targeting Israel on al-Quds Day (note 4). The website launched an attack and distributed anti-Israel messages. Since the timing of the attack was the day before Jerusalem Day and about two weeks after it was rumored that Iran and Israel launched cyber attacks on each other, some media once alleged that the cyber attack was launched immediately after the attack. Pricing
The road attack was carried out by hackers from Iran, but after verification, most reports indicated that the attack was carried out by hackers in the Gaza Strip, Turkey and North Africa. The 9-person hacker group calling itself the "Hackers of Savior" has the following message on its YouTube channel (Note 5): "We gather here to avenge the crimes of the Zionists against the Palestinians, These crimes cost Palestinians lives, families and lands. All we can do is to use cyberattacks to retaliate.” In fact, this is not the first time that an Israeli website has been attacked around Jerusalem Day. A few days before Jerusalem Day 2013, a hacker group called Qods Freedom launched a massive cyber attack on many Israeli websites . Analysts believe that the group is linked to Iran, because the Arabic messages displayed by the hackers were mixed with mistakes that native speakers would not make,
and the messages also used a symbol unique to the Persian keyboard; The signature used by the group at the time was also the same as that of the two Iranian hacker groups. Cyber Attacks and Ideology Regardless of the source, the groups and individuals involved in the above-mentioned attacks appear to be politically motivated to launch attacks on Israeli websites. This type of ideology-based attack is different from cyber-attacks that target interests or confidential information, such as fraud, extortion, theft of information and confidential or private information, because the attackers usually do not focus on obtaining money or confidentiality The target, probably not even generating any real benefit at all, is usually "intentional" to sabotage, disable the target's website or facility, or promote it. In the 1990s, military scholars have noticed the concept of information warfare, and they pointed out that the control and protection of information is also an important part of strategy. However, at that time, most experts still did not distinguish between information warfare and cyber warfare. It was not until an academic article
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